UN Transporttest

UN Transporttest

The International Transport bodies as well as the "United Nations Economic Commission of Europe "(UNECE) are responsible to regulate safe transportation for dangerous goods.

These regulations specify the parties for whom the rules apply, classify the goods within the respective groups and determine the exact audit procedures.

The transportation of lithium batteries is subject to the following legal basis:

 

  • ADR

European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road.

  •  ADN   

European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Inland Waterways.

  • IATA DGR

International Air Transport Association, Dangerous Goods Regulations 

  • ICAO-TI

International Civil Aviation Organization, Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air

  • IMDG Code

International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (carriage of dangerous goods by sea)

  • RID

Regulations concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods

  • UN – Manual

United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods
Manual of Tests and Criteria, fifth revised edition, ST/SG/AC.10/11/Rev.5

  • U.S. DOT

U.S. Department of Transportation

 

Classifications:

The on the market lithium products are divided because of your properties and transport variants in respective UN numbers.

The products in circulation are classified into UN numbers (currently, inter alia UN 3090, UN 3091, UN 3480, UN 3481) in respective to its properties and transport alternatives.

Execution:

The Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM) portrays in section 38.3 in the Manual of Tests and Criteria (current version: ST/SG/AC.10/11/Rev.5), the test procedures of lithium metal and lithium ion cells and batteries (UN 3090, UN 3091, UN 3480 and UN 3481 as well as the applicable special provisions of Chapter 3.3 of the model Regulations).

Summary:

After the entry into force several revisions have been published until today. This is due to changes and extensions of regulations within the lithium-­technology as well as adaptations taking place in the market.

A significant change took place, for example in 2009, regarding the classification of rechargeable lithium-­containing batteries. These are no longer distinguished based on its calculated equivalent lithium content but based on the energy that is measured in watt-­hours.

The "UN Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods -­‐ Model Regulations " (current version: Rev. 17) and "UN Manual of Tests and Criteria" (current version: Rev. 5) have defined in their statements that parties (such as manufacturers, original equipment manufacturers, distributors, retailers etc.) are hold responsible for the market launch of lithium-­‐containing batteries. The cells and batteries are subject to mandatory standards determined in the regulations, which have to been proofed by any party bringing lithium-­‐ containing batteries into the market.

A positive implementation of a so-­‐called UN transport tests (according to UN Manual section 38.3) serves as an ample evidence of a new lithium-­‐containing battery pack. This proof is essential for any transport.